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SC Archaeology Month




The majority of archaeological survey and excavation projects conducted in South Carolina are a result of state and federal laws requiring archaeological sites to be identified and considered during the environmental review process. Excavation and survey results are written up and described in technical archaeological reports that are submitted to regulatory agencies and the State Historic Preservation Office for review.

This section of the website has been developed to publicize some of the more interesting archaeological projects performed in compliance with state and federal laws. Full technical reports and report abstracts from archaeological test excavation and data recovery projects will be posted as available. They are all in Adobe Acrobat PDF Format.

      List of Data Recovery Reports Done as Mitigation (as of September 2012)

“Let Me Tell You About the Very Rich” Archaeological Data Recovery at 38BU1788 and 38BU1804, Palmetto Bluff, Beaufort County, South Carolina. (14 MB)
Investigations at the ruins of the spectacular Wilson Mansion, a 40-room Neo-Classical Gilded Age mansion built circa 1915 near Bluffton and burned in 1926.

"Of Sterling Worth and Good Qualities": Status and Domesticity in Nineteenth-Century Middle Class Charleston. Archaeological Investigations at Site 38CH1871 Marlene and Nathan Addleston Library. College of Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina. (6 MB)

Late Archaic Settlement on the May River: Data Recovery at the Tree Runner Site (38BU1800), Beaufort County, South Carolina. (6 MB)
Data recovery project in Beaufort County that focuses on the Ceramic Late Archaic.

Archaeological Investigations at the Yourhaney Plantation (38GE18), Yauhannah Bluff, Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge, Georgetown, South Carolina. (21 MB)
Data recovery in a portion of this site that contained the remains of a main house complex dating from the 18th century to the early 19th century. The house appears to have been earthfast wood framed with a lath and plaster chimney. Investigations also uncovered an earthfast slave dwelling with an interior and exterior hearth and several outbuildings. Visit for more information about cultural resources managed by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Willtown: An Archaeological and Historical Perspective, Charleston County, South Carolina. (6.2 MB)
Investigations at Willtown, one of south Carolina's earliest planned towns, and the surrounding plantation community provide insight from an archaeological perspective about this early colonial community and why it failed.

Occupation of Socastee Bluff: Data Recovery at the Singleton Sawmill Site (38HR490), Horry County. (17 MB)
Investigations include contextual research into the sawmill and lumber industry of coastal South Carolina.

Phase III Archaeological Investigations at 38FL2, The Florence Stockade, Florence, South Carolina. (9 MB)
Data recovery at the Florence Stockade, an infamous Confederate prisoner of war camp now part of the Florence National Cemetery, represented a rare opportunity to examine a relatively undisturbed Confederate camp inhabited for a short period of time by rear-echelon personnel.

Phase II Archaeological Testing and Evaluations of Nine Prehistoric Sites, Fort Bragg, North Carolina. (6 MB)
The importance of this report lies in the explicit methodological and theoretical approach used for addressing research topics on prehistoric hunter-gatherer sites in the Sandhill and Coastal Plain regions. For the sake of brevity, portions of the report have been extracted to summarize what is known about hunter-gatherer adaptations through both ethnography and archaeological investigations, the types of sites known to exist and that can be expected to exist, and proposes evaluation criteria for what appears to be the ubiquitous "upland lithic scatter."

Metal Detector Survey and Battlefield Delineation of the Buford's Massacre (Waxhaws) Revolutionary War Battlefield, Lancaster County, South Carolina.


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