State Agencies

Federal Agencies

The Catawba Nation

Native American Heritage

Artifact Curation

Military Site Management

Professional & Avocational Organizations

Volunteer Opportunities


Historic Contexts

SC Standards and Guidelines for Archaeological Investigations

SHPO Guidance for Archaeological Surveys


SC Archaeology Month

An Introduction to Archaeology
in South Carolina

What is Archaeology? Archaeology is the scientific study of the physical evidence of past human societies recovered through collection, artifact analysis, and excavation. Archaeologists not only attempt to discover and describe past cultures but also to formulate explanations for the development of cultures. Conclusions drawn from study and analyses provide answers and predictions about human behavior that add, complement, and sometimes correct the written accounts of history and prehistory.

Information and guidance about archaeology is available through many different agencies and organizations. On these pages, you will find information about archaeology in the state of South Carolina as well as links to a variety of other sources.

Block excavations at an early eighteenth-century rice plantation (38CH1659).
Block excavations at an early eighteenth-century rice plantation

 Historic Preservation